Tuesday, October 25, 2011

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF KALCHURIS



HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF KALCHURIS

Kalchuris are one of the major communities of Inida, but divided into many clans and sects due to historical and cultural reasons. The Kalachuris, were also known as   Haihayas.  Kalli means a long moustache and churi a sharp knife, thus  the name Kalchuris. They grow moustache and carrying a knife always as part of tradition or job.
The bloody war between Brahmins lead by Parasurama on one side and the Kshatriyas lead by Sahasrarjuna on the other side which divided the people of vedic origin  into two eternal rivals. Parasurama launched a series of wars for 21 times to carry out mass killing of Kshatriyas to avenge the death of his father Jamadagni at the hands of Sahsrarjuna’s sons. 

The  Kshatriyas who suffered a mass annihilation at the hands of Brahmins established a separate religion for themselves based on the principles of Shiva (Jina) worship to unitedly fight Brahmin domination. They  have associated with with Dravidian warrior kings.

In 2nd century B.C.  the great Kalchuri  emperor Kharval
organised a convention of 3000 Jain monks at Kumari Parvat and Jain Agams were compiled there. Kalachuri kings  ruled from many places like Tripuri, Gorakhpur, Ratnapur, Rajpur etcand  migrated to the south and made   Mangalavedhe or Mangalavada  their capital. Their emblem was Suvarna Vrishabha or the golden bull. 

Kalchuris ruled over a powerful kingdom comprising Gujarat, Northern Maharashtra, and some parts of Malwa.  Kalachuri Empire of  Central India (west Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan) was called Chedi or Haihaya and are supposed to be offshoot of Abhira of Traikutika dynasty. They ruled over northern Maharashtra, Malwa and western Deccan from their  capital   Mahismati situated in the Narmada river valley.

Another famous Kalchuri king was Bijjal  ruled from Annigeri,    Karnataka  in 12th  century. Bijjala established the authority over Karnataka  after  wresting power from the Chalukyas. Bijjala was succeeded by his sons Someshwara and Sangama. Their rule was a short and turbulent and very important from a the socio-religious movement point of view. A new sect called the Lingayat or Virashaiva sect was founded during these timesIt is also believed that there are some sections of Reddies having descendancy from Kalchuris. Kalchuris  are worshipers of Shiv and Shakti and Kalchuri Kings have constructed many Shiv temples as well as temples of Shakti.  

Majority of Kalchuris call themselves as Kalars which is a name given to the people who are engaged in liquor business. There are similar communities in different parts of India involved in same profession and background. Among them are  Ezhavas or Thiyyas of  Kerala, Billavas and Thiyya billavas of South Kannada region, Edigas of Karnataka, Bhandari of Maharastra, Nadars of Tamilnadu, Gouds of Andhra, Durave and Nalaver of Srilanka are from the same roots.

Common Surnames of Kalchuris



Aarya,
Ahake
Aharwal
Ahluwalia
Baranwal
Batham
Bhagat
Bhoyar
Bhoyare
Billava
Bisane
Chauragade
Chaurewar
Choudhary
Chouksey
Dadsena
Dahake
Daharwal
Dhapade
Dhapare
Dhapare Dhapade
Dholakiya
Dhuware
Diyewar
Dohare
Duvadhapar
Duve
Ezhava
Gangbhoj
Gopaliya
Goud
Gulhare
Gupta,
Idiga
Jain Jaiswal
Jain Kalar
Jaisar
Jaiswal  
Jamaiwar
Karnwal
Kawle
Kharidaha
Khubele,
Lanjekar
Lohiya
Mahawar
Malviya
Meshram
Meshram,
Mewada
Nandhediya
Nashine
Neorgade
Niwnaaha
Padiyar
Palewar
Pardesi
Maratha Kalar
Pareta
Pashine
Patel
Patel,
Porwal
Prasad
Purviya
Rai
Sahu
Sewaiwar
Shanicharaha
Shione
Shivhare
Shoundik
Sundhi
Sirmoria
Somvanshi
Sonwani
Sugnadhi
Suwalka
Talwar
Tikkiwal
Verma.
Vyahut
Walia
Zendaha





These people together number an estimated 100 million  worldwide and mostly live in  Western and Northern India, South India, Nepal, Central and Western Pakistan, Eastern Afghanistan, Germany.
 Kalchuris made a great contribution in propagating Jainism and creating Jain architectural monuments in South India. Kalchuris of Tamil Nadu were known as Kalabhras under whom  Jainism and Buddhism became  popular in their territories.
They became anti-Brahmin crusaders in South India  and  snatched away the lands possessed by Brahmins as Brahmadeyas. They ruled over the entire South India for about 300 years and spread Buddhism. They sponsored Buddhist literature of highest moral and ethical values. It is believed that Thirupathi   was a  great Buddhist Centre  during the Kalabhra rule. Other famous and popular pilgrim centres like Sabarimala and Guruvayoor were also Buddhist  centres during the Kalabhra rule.    .
As followers of Jainism and Buddhism they prohibited animal sacrifices in rituals. The Kalabhra rule in the Tamil country had witnessed the growth of education and literature. The Jain Palli had remained important educational centers during the Kalabhra rule. Kalabhras fought against Brahmin supremacy and were abused by Brahmin epigraphists after their rule ended. The Kalchuris of South India seems to have switched over to Buddhism when Ashoka ruled part of South India.  

Due to suppression by the followers of ideology these sect of people were compelled to  go with Jainism and Buddhism because of the unjustifiable casteism and untouchability which was enforced by the upper community. It has reached its peak during 19th century  and  the life of this sect was almost worst than animals.

During this time Sree Narayana Guru took birth .  He was born as a divine child and from the age of 6 itself he has been showing many miracles. At the age of 30 he learned all Vedas and Upanishads and also completed his reverence and he has became spiritual guru respected by all people in the southern part of India.

The  Kalchuri sect in Kerala was known as Ezhavas who lined up with Sree Narayana Guru who preached against the existing system of humiliation to this sector of people who were termed as lower caste and brought in revolutionary changes.

He advised  our people to ‘get educated  and liberated, and get united and be strong’.  All of us know Kerala is the only state having 100% literacy and the World Health Organisation recognized Kerala as the model for healthcare and cleanliness. All this is the result of Sree Narayana Guru’s vision and work.

Conclusion: From the above it is evident that under pressure these communities were deprived of power. Their  common living rights were denied for  generations by the upper communities.  The history reveals that this sect of people was physically strong rulers and had a  very rich heritage. Even though in every state of India people of this  sect is living they are not together. In the present democratic system unless there is unity, one cannot get into the decision making ministry.

A  common  platform is the demand of the time to propagate the  message of equality and peace among humanity.  Hence it is essential to focus at unity. We will also find a large number of poor people among the group. Only way to uplift them is to provide education. Hence our focus should be on unity and education.    

Posted by Dr.K.Rajendran


            

20 comments:

  1. this information is totly wrong,,,,,if u wanna knw,,,come to me i will show u original history of kalchuris

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I am ready to know from you, please contact me on (vipinpratap.kalchuri@gmail.com)

      Delete
    2. please send to my email id
      shreyas62@hotmail.com

      Delete
    3. Could u pleas tell me gotra of Diyewar Surname

      Delete
  2. true ,,,


    they where , gouds from ap , and ezhavas , from kerala ,


    why because gouds preach renuka yellama (mother of parushurama),,

    still coz , parushuram attcked all kshatriyas, they workshipped to save them ,,



    mainly they where involved in liquor business (kalchuri)

    still gouds and ezhavaas of kerala are invovled in liquor .

    ReplyDelete
  3. Please mention the existence of Kalchuri people in Uttar Pradesh too. It's a very big part of the North Indian population.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Please mention the existence of Kalchuri people in Uttar Pradesh too. It's a very big part of the North Indian population.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Such a large community with such a tough and shining back ground must come together to contribute to the human welfare and world peace. we have to promote higher education particularly sciences among our people.
    I propose a conference at my place HOSHANGABAD in M.P. INDIA.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Such a large community with such a tough and shining back ground must come together to contribute to the human welfare and world peace. we have to promote higher education particularly sciences among our people.
    I propose a conference at my place HOSHANGABAD in M.P. INDIA.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Dear friends
    I am planning to publish some thing to boost moral of my people .Kindly suggest.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Very good indeed. I am too posting on facebook since no website in odisha is run by our community. Visit my page on facebook

      Delete
  8. Agni Mahapuran both in Sanskrit and Hindi, Vaishyakhondo Saha And Soundika A commentary By Narayan Chandra Saha (Vaqil, Calcutta High Court ; 1902 AD give vivid details on Shoundik Caste of Haihay Kalachuri origin. Available online. ..Mr Seshadeba Behera, Boudh,Odisha

    ReplyDelete
  9. Could anyone tell me gotra of Diyewar Surname

    ReplyDelete
  10. I wants to know the details of evidence of kalchuri origin & background. I think its not possible that all the surname mentioned here are having same origin.

    ReplyDelete
  11. I don't think all the surnames mentioned here are belongs to same origin. Is there any evidence in support of this history.

    ReplyDelete
  12. I don't think all the surnames mentioned here are belongs to same origin. Is there any evidence in support of this history.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You must understand the meaning of surname first, then the caste and next the historical group to find what you ask for.Otherwise , From Nagavanshis>Kalchuris>Dynasties>Migration>Caste Definition
      >Surnames. Most of the surnames are meaningless and by no means
      related to caste because they simply mean the place,occupation,
      designation and so on.

      Delete
  13. We are holding a workshop on 16 Apr 2017 Sunday at 1000 hrs at Hotel Tajmahal Narayanguda Hyderabad on Unification and Empowerment of Kalchuri community.
    Please confirm if your participation is possible.
    My contact: vkrai46@rediffmail.com; Mobile: 9826723722

    ReplyDelete
  14. the only thing i know about it is their are only 17 varna(surname) of kalchuri's. please if any one have a research paper or history review send me at keshavsinha@live.com

    ReplyDelete